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A Day Trip to the Mysteries of Stonehenge with information on the archaeological site: what it is, what we know and what we don’t know about this mysterious place, and how to get to Stonehenge on a day trip from London.
Many travelers plan to get to Stonehenge from London during their stay in the capital city of England.
Stonehenge is in fact one of the most recurring places in the famous bucket list of people who love traveling the world.
If you too can’t wait to check it off your list, read this article to find information on the archaeological site and how to get to Stonehenge from London.
But first of all let’s find out what Stonehenge is.
WHAT IS STONEHENGE?
Stonedge. Stonengh. Stonenge. Stonend. Sdontknowhowtospellit.
I confess that it took me a while to learn how to spell it.
The name Stonehenge means “hanging stone“. It refers to the architraves which are the horizontal stones that rest on the vertical ones forming a structure called trilithon.
Stonehenge is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world, but also one of the most mysterious places on Earth. It’s located around 10 km from Salisbury.
The site is a fascinating complex of megaliths formed by a cromlech, the outer circle of stones, and an internal structure made of stones placed in a horse shoe arrangement and an altar stone in the middle.
Stonehenge was inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT STONEHENGE?
“That’s easy, Stonehenge is a bunch of stones!”.
What seems to be a simple complex of stones is actually a great archaeological mystery and an unexplained masterpiece of engineering.
We don’t have any written records, therefore we know very little about Stonehenge and have very little reliable data.
What we know about Stonehenge are only the types of rocks that make up the complex and the construction period.
Regarding the rocks, we know that the site is made of blue stones and sarsen stones. Blue stones weigh about 4 tons and were probably brought from the rocks of Preseli Mountains in South Wales, an area located about 400 km from Stonehenge. Sarsen stones weigh even 50 tons and were brought from the rocks of Marlborough Down, 30 km from the site.
Studies in the dating of the rocks tell us that the first construction began in about 3100 BC and ended in about 1600 BC when the stones had probably been relocated to form a similar structure to the one we see today.
WHAT DO WE NOT KNOW ABOUT STONEHENGE?
Once we find out how to spell it, there are still so many things we don’t know about Stonehenge.
But why is Stonehenge such a mysterious place?
First of all because we don’t know how such heavy stones were brought for such a long distance in an age when there was no appropriate technology for transport like that.
We can only rely on theories. The most widely held theory says that they probably used a system made of rope, sleds and rollers obtained from tree trunks. But we have no confirmation of this.
Another mystery concerns the site function. And here we have endless theories: necropolis, sacrificial site, astronomic calendar.
The site function as an astronomic calendar is the theory that experts like the most. One of the reasons why they like this hypothesis is because the first rays of light on the summer solstice go through one of the trilithons and shine into the central altar.
On this occasion, tourists from all over the world gather in Stonehenge to wait for the sunrise. The summer solstice day is also the only day of the year when people can touch the stones, as on regular days there is a rope between the stones and the visitors.
While they wait for the sunrise, the visitors attend a real festival with historical re-enactments and shows that attract not only tourists, but also Druids, members of a religious movement of Celtic origin.
WHAT CAN YOU VISIT IN THE STONEHENGE SITE?
Besides the stone circle, in the archaeological site of Stonehenge there are also replicas of Neolithic houses that you can visit to imagine how the Britons of prehistory used to live.
In Stonehenge you can also enter a room for a 360-degree view of images of Stonehenge at different times of the day and of the year: at sunrise, at sunset, by night, in summer, in winter, in the snow.
Visits to the archaeological site of Stonehenge require you to buy a ticket for a specific time. So if you don’t want to go to Stonehenge and find out that the tickets are sold out for the day, I suggest you click here to book your ticket online.
Stonehenge Archaeological Site Prices:
- Adults: £17.50. Children (5–17): £10.50. Children under the age of 5: Free.
Opening hours usually go from 9:00 to 17:00 (last entry 2 hours before closing time). However the hours might vary according to the time of the year.
HOW TO GET TO STONEHENGE FROM LONDON.
There is no public transportation available between Stonehenge and London. So to get to Stonehenge from London you can either rent a car or book a bus tour.
If you go by car, follow the directions to Amesbury, Wiltshire, SP4 7DE. Stonehenge is near this address.
If you go during peak times and don’t have a ticket yet, you need to pay £5 as parking deposit that they will give you back when you buy the ticket at the visitor center.
If you prefer to go by bus, click here to choose your tour. There are options that include other locations, like the Windsor Castle, Bath or Oxford, or tours to Stonehenge from London only.
I picked the Express Tour to Stonehenge and I paid £39.40 for the return ticket and the entry to Stonehenge. Once there, you have 2 hours and a half to explore the site on your own with the audio guides available at the entrance.
Well, this is all you need to know for your day trip to Stonehenge. A unique and quite mystical day trip that you will never forget!
If you have any questions leave a comment here or write to Follow My Anchor by filling the contact form on the website!